?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> 战争岁月的星火燎?——新民主主义革命期时中国共产党的科技发展实践_电脑报在?/title> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div style="position:fixed;left:-9000px;top:-9000px;"><li id="4awaw"></li><small id="4awaw"></small><table id="4awaw"><kbd id="4awaw"><samp id="4awaw"></samp></kbd></table><u id="4awaw"></u><label id="4awaw"></label><s id="4awaw"><tt id="4awaw"><blockquote id="4awaw"></blockquote></tt></s><label id="4awaw"></label><nav id="4awaw"></nav><acronym id="4awaw"></acronym><bdo id="4awaw"></bdo><source id="4awaw"><legend id="4awaw"><acronym id="4awaw"></acronym></legend></source><u id="4awaw"></u><input id="4awaw"><u id="4awaw"><dd id="4awaw"></dd></u></input><s id="4awaw"></s><blockquote id="4awaw"><blockquote id="4awaw"><code id="4awaw"></code></blockquote></blockquote><li id="4awaw"></li><kbd 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class="sub4textexpl"> <ul> <li>2021/6/30 10:07:40</li> <li>类型:原?/li> <li>来源?span>电脑?/span></li> <li>报纸编辑?a id="editor" href="/EditorArticle/40/" style="text-decoration: underline; color: blue;">电脑?/a></li> <li>作者:</li> </ul> </div> <div class="sub4summary"> 【电脑报在线】“一船红中国,万众跟党走”。一百年前,中国共产党诞生在浙江嘉兴南湖的一条小船上。在科学和民主精神感召下诞生的中国共产党,一开始就秉承着马克思关于“科学是一种在历史上起推动作用的革命的力量”的思想理论。它既把科学作为一种最高意义的革命精神,又把科学技术作为振兴中华、抵御外侮的重要手段予以推崇和推进? </div> <div class="sub4text"> <p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="color:rgb(25, 25, 25);"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>“一船红中国,万众跟党走”。一百年前,中国共产党诞生在浙江嘉兴南湖的一条小船上?/span><span style="font-family:宋体;">在科学和民主精神感召下诞生的中国共产党,一开始就秉承着马克思关?/span><span style="font-family:宋体;">“科学是一种在历史上起推动作用的革命的力量”的思想理论。它既把科学作为一种最高意义的革命精神,又把科学技术作为振兴中华、抵御外侮的重要手段予以推崇和推进?/span></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><img src="http://www.apaloe.com//pic/soso/2021/5/image001.jpg" alt="" /><br /></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="font-family:楷体;">中国共产?/span><span style="font-family:楷体;">“一大”会址——南湖红?/span></span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;">  </span></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><strong>科学启蒙和苏区的科技试验</strong></span></p><p align="center"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>科学是五四时期思想启蒙的重要内容之一。党的早期领导人积极提倡的科学主义,不仅阐述了现代科学对社会进步的作用,而且更注重用科学的精神、科学的态度去反对封建迷信和愚昧盲从,把科学的进步提升到了前所未有的高度,极大地推动了现代中国科学事业的发展?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>1931年,党在江西瑞金召开了第一次全国苏维埃代表大会,中华苏维埃共和国正式成立。中国共产党着手对军工、医疗、农业、无线电通讯等技术工作开始创办和研究,初创了革命根据地的科技事业?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>毛泽东同志提出:</span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“在各地组织小范围的农事试验场,并设立农业研究学校和农产品展览所,却是迫切地需要的。”很快,在苏区的各县,农业实验场轰轰烈烈地开办起来了,他们搞科学试验,指导农民开展科学种田,为打破国民党的包围封锁,发展自给自足的农业经济起到了积极作用?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>在引进技术人才的同时,我党还依靠革命阵营力量,抓紧各种专门人才的教育和培养。苏区实行义务教育,在工农课本里编入了初级的科学知识,还创办了各种专门的学校,如中央农业学校、中央苏区和鄂豫皖苏区的无线电通讯学校、红军卫生学校等等?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="color:rgb(68,68,68);"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></span></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><strong>十四年抗战:科学为救亡服?/strong></span></p><p align="center"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>1931年,抗日战争爆发。作为抗日战争的中流砥柱,中国共产党开辟的抗日根据地成为中国人民取得胜利的战略基地。在根据地的建设中,马克斯、恩格斯有关科技的学说对党的领导人产生了深刻的影响,马克思主义科技指导思想得以确立?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>1938??日,由高士其、陈康白、李世俊等发起的边区国防科学社正式成立,它的宗旨和任务是在新哲学的基础上研究国防科学的理论与实施。协助国防工业的建设,指导农业的改良和进行医药材料的供给等?945??日,在毛泽东、吴玉章等人的发起和资助下,在延安成立了陕甘宁边区自然科学研究会,提出了“运用唯物辩证法研究自然科学、开展自然科学大众化运动、从事自然科学的探讨、解决自然科学中的理论和应用上的问题”四大任务。一时,自然科学会会员人数达?00多人,开设了机电、炼铁、土木、航空、数量、化学、农业、生物、医药、地矿等十个专业学会?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>党提出的</span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“科学大众化”的方针,指出科学和文化事业应为全民族中百分之九十的工农劳苦民众服务。在科学大众化的号召下,根据地掀起了一个全民爱科学、人人投入的广泛群众运动?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>抗日根据地的学校教育也得到了蓬勃发展。建立了两所高等科技学校:中国医科大学和延安自然科学院?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><img src="http://www.apaloe.com//pic/soso/2021/5/image002.jpg" alt="" /><br /></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1940初,林伯渠等勘察延安自然科学院校址</span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><strong>胜利在望,为新中国建设做好人才和技术储?/strong></span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>抗战结束以后,中国共产党在科技实践的深度和广度方面,有了更大的进展。解放区的工农业技术水平迅猛发展,也为即将到来的全国解放后的大规模建设,作了培育人才和技术上的准备?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>这一时期,党大力发展工业技术,提出?/span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“发展农村手工业及必要的、条件可能的机器工业。”山东、东北和华北等解放区陆续成立了专门的工业技术研究机构,制定了详细的科研发展计划,并深入工矿企业解决生产过程中出现的技术问题。军事工业由分散转向集中,由手工转向机器为主?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>解放区科技教育也迅猛发展,先后新建了北方大学、华北大学、东北科学院、沈阳农学院、华中建设大学和各种科研机构?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>建国前夕,东北自然科学究会、中国科学社、中华自然科学社、中国科学工作者协会四个团体,倡议召开?/span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“中华全国自然科学工作者代表会议”,不仅奠定了建国后“科学为人民大众”这一党的发展科技事业的总的指导思想,还促成了新中国一系科技政策的制定?/span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><img src="http://www.apaloe.com//pic/soso/2021/5/image003.jpg" alt="" /><br /></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1950?月召开的中华全国自然科学工作者代表会?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p> </div> <div class="invest" id="vote" style="display: none"> </div> <div class="s4pg martop10"> <div class="pager"> </div> </div> <div class="sub4frht"> 本文出自2021-06-28出版的《电脑报?021年第25?A.新闻周刊</br> (网站编辑:soso)</br> </br> </br> </div> </div> <div class="share"> <table> <tr> <td> <div class="bdsharebuttonbox"> <a href="#" class="bds_kaixin001" data-cmd="kaixin001" title="分享到开心网" style="float: right; padding-left: 25px;"></a> <a href="#" class="bds_renren" data-cmd="renren" title="分享到人人网" style="float: right; padding-left: 25px;"></a> <a href="#" class="bds_qzone" 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